Thursday, 24 October 2013

Tuesday, 22 October 2013

PLURALS - BASIC LEVEL

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Plural Spelling Rules

boys     countries   radios    heroes    boxes    ruler  women   children    dogs washes   lorries
Do you know why and when we add -ies-ves-s and -es to plural nouns?

We're going to look at these important plural spelling rules then there's a spelling test so read carefully. 

If you want more information and watch a video about the individual rules click on the links below.


1. Add -s to regular plurals.  Adding an s is all you need to do to form a regular plural:
file/files, centre/centres, girl/girls, book/books, pen/pens, computer/computers.




Words ending in -ch, -s, -sh, -x, -z  add -es to form a plural
wash/washes, box/boxes, match/matches, glass/glasses

There's one exception to this rule. If the -ch ending is pronounced with a 'k' then add -s (stomach/stomachs)




Words ending in -f or -fe change to -ves or -sknife/knives,  life/lives, wife/wives, shelf/shelves

*exceptions add -s - roof/roofs, proof/proofs, chief/chiefs.*These words could be either -ves or -s - scarf/scarves or scarfs,dwarf/dwarves or dwarfs


a. If the word ends in a vowel-a,e,i,o,u, + y then just add -s.
boy/boys, journey/journeys, key/keys, tray/trays.

b. If the word ends in a consonant + y then it changes to -ies country/countries, baby/babies, body/bodies, memory/memories



You can either add an -s or -es to words ending in -O or sometimes they're spelled either way.

a.If a word ends in a vowel-a,e,i,o,u + -O then we sometimes add -s.
radio/radios, stereo/stereos, video/videos

b. If a words ends in consonant + -O then we sometimes add -s or -es.No rules for this - you just have to learn them or use a dictionary.

kilo/kilos, zero/zeros, piano/pianos, photo/photos
but hero/heroes, potato/potatoes, volcano/volcanoes, tomato/tomatoes.

6. Irregular plurals
a woman/some women, a man/5 men, child/children, person/people, tooth/teeth, foot/feet, mouse/mice, penny/pence


7. No change between plural and singular.
There are some words that are the same in the plural as in the singular:
sheep, series, fish, cod, salmon, aircraft, cattle, scissors, deer, trousers




Spelling test

Change the words to plurals

1. man 
2. fox 
3. family
 4. mobile phone 
5. baby 
6. person 
7. radio 
8. dictionary 
9. teacher 
10. watch 
11. bus 
12. scarf 
13. photo 
14. tomato 
15. woman 
16. wife
 17. body 
18. fly 
19. colour 
20. mother-in-law 

Check your answers below.

Thanks to Oxford Dictionaries online


Answers
1. men
2. foxes
3. families
4. mobile phones
5. babies
6. people
7. radios
8. dictionaries
9. teachers
10. watches
11. buses
12. scarfs or scarves
13. photos
14. tomatoes
15. women
16. wives
17. bodies
18. flies
19. colours
20. mothers-in-law


DISCO - SONG - BASIC LEVEL

DISCO - OTTAWAN



HAVE GOT / HAS GOT - BASIC LEVEL

AFFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
I have got a Mercedes
I haven’t got a Mercedes
Have I got a Mercedes?
Yes, you have / No, you haven’t

You have got a Mercedes
You haven’t got a Mercedes
Have you got a Mercedes?
Yes, I have / No, I haven’t

He/she/it has got a friend
He/She/it hasn’t got a friend
Has he/she/it got a friend?
Yes, she has / No, she hasn't

NUMBERS, AGE, DAYS AND DATES - BASIC LEVEL

Some videos to study the pronunciation of numbers, age, days and dates

Real English: numbers, age, days and dates

and here there are exercises for the age

Age

HOW OLD ARE YOU? - BASIC LEVEL

Practice using the “How old are you?” question format to ask about age with this ESL Vocabulary and Grammar Interactive Pirate Waters Board Game for Beginners (I’m one, I’m two, I’m three).

Monday, 21 October 2013

RIBBONS QUIZ - ADVANCED LEVEL

You see ribbons pinned to lapels and stuck to the backs of cars, but do you know what they are trying to raise awareness of? Almost all ribbon colours have been adopted by multiple causes, but of the possible answers, only one is associated with the colour pictured. Can you figure out which one?

Ribbons quizz

CHARITY - ADVANCED LEVEL

A video with questions on charities

Goods for good

Know a little more about 'Red Nose Day'

http://www.rednoseday.com/what-we-do

A touching story on a homeless in Boston

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-24170670

WHAT IS THIS? - BASIC LEVEL

Tuesday, 15 October 2013

GOOD MANNERS - INTERMEDIATE AND ADVANCED LEVELS

You must learn about English culture and etiquette too. I'll tell you the one secret you MUST know to be accepted in North American and British cultures. You'll also learn 12 other good habits if you're studying, working, living, or travelling overseas. This is a cross-cultural English lesson you cannot afford to miss. 


Thursday, 10 October 2013

DEMONSTRATIVES - BASIC 1

Watch and learn how to pronounce the demonstratives

INDEFINITE ARTICLES AND DEMONSTRATIVES - BASIC 1

INDEFINITE ARTICLES
SINGULAR
PLURAL
A book
A table
A chair
A hotel
Some books
Some tables
Some chairs
Two books
Three tables
Four chairs
An animal
An apple
An elephant
An hour
Some animals
Some elephants
Two apples

DEMONSTRATIVES
SINGULAR
PLURAL
This is a chair
These are chairs
That is a book
Those are books

CLASSROOM OBJECTS - BASIC 1

You can study vocabulary with this presentation.

EXPRESSING OPINIONS - BASIC 1



Expressions for opinions in class:

I think he is / she is ….
I don’t think he is / she is ….
Are you sure? Yes, I am  / No, I’m not.
I’m not sure
I don’t know 
I don't remember
What do you think?
You are right / You're right
Me too
Me neither